Malnutrition is a common problem in most of the developing countries in Asia and Africa. There are approximately more than 15 million people who die of hunger every year. Thus, it is said that 'the cost involved in making a missile can actually feed around 2000 children for approximately 5 years'. According to a survey, one person out of every twelve people in this world is malnourished. Poor nutrition is seemingly the reason for the death of half of the children worldwide.
The deficiency or insufficiency of required nutrients in the human body is termed as malnutrition. This condition results in various disorders of the internal organs of the body. This condition encompasses both undernutrition and overnutrition. There are very few people in the world who are affected by the latter, however, there are many who are affected by the former. Those who are malnourished are usually diagnosed with nutritional deficiencies. While cases of overnutrition are observed in the developed countries, the cases of undernutrition are mostly observed in the developing countries. There are various fatal diseases, which gradually take shape in the undernourished people, especially children.
There are two types of nutrient deficiencies, which are as follows:
This deficiency condition can also be classified on the basis of form, which are as follows:
- Protein Energy Malnutrition or PEM
- Micronutrient Malnutrition
The factors responsible for this condition include the political and economic condition of the country, price hike of food, famine, poverty, etc. Apart from social problems, it can also be due to personal reasons such as depression, alcoholism, digestive disorders, and drug addiction.
In some cases, the condition is mild and asymptomatic. Some of the common symptoms include weight loss, fatigue, decreased immunity, and dizziness. The other symptoms include loss of hair, swelling of the eyelids, wrinkles on the face, and inflammation of the glands.
Disclaimer: This article is for informative purposes only and does not in any way attempt to replace the advice offered by an expert on the subject.