The procedure of carrying out/conducting euthanasia is safe, and one can be assured that the dog doesn't suffer at all while being put down.
What It Is
The practice of euthanasia can raise some moral/ethical questions about taking away the life of an animal. The arguments made in its favor speak about reducing the pain and suffering that the dog is experiencing. The procedure is conducted only to provide relief to the animal.
A lethal injection is used for the process; sodium pentobarbital is most commonly used. The injection of sodium pentobarbital, which is given intravenously, results into the dog losing consciousness. The animal can encounter a respiratory or cardiac arrest after it falls unconscious.
T-61 is another veterinary medicine used for the same. However, it is not recommended by doctors because of the pain caused to the animals.
Taking this decision regarding a pet can be a real test for the owner. The vet can give proper advice about the clinical and technical aspects of it. However, it is the owner who has to decide about what is best for the pet.
The cost can vary from place to place. However, it shouldn't go beyond the range of $50-$300, which is reasonable. There is no standard fee. The variation in price also depends upon whether the veterinarian pays a home visit or one takes the dog to a clinic. The cost of individual cremation is greater than that handled by the vet.
Doing It At Home
Carrying out euthanasia in the comfort of the home can bring a peaceful end to the dog's life. The house where the pet has spent most part of its life can be a suitable setting. The vet's lab provides all the necessary equipment and expertise to perform the procedure in a 'clinical' manner.