The term dog euthanasia or putting a dog to sleep refers to a practice of giving an overdose of anesthetic medicines to a dog. The dog is generally put to sleep in order to end the pain and suffering it may be experiencing due to various reasons. The procedure of carrying out/conducting euthanasia is safe, and one can be assured that the dog doesn't suffer at all while being put down.
What It Is
The practice of euthanasia can raise some moral/ethical questions about taking away the life of an animal. The arguments made in its favor speak about reducing the pain and suffering that the dog is experiencing. The procedure is conducted only to provide relief to the animal.
A lethal injection is used for the process; sodium pentobarbital is most commonly used. The injection of sodium pentobarbital, which is given intravenously, results into the dog losing consciousness. The animal can encounter a respiratory or cardiac arrest after it falls unconscious. T-61 is another veterinary medicine used for the same. However, it is not recommended by doctors because of the pain caused to the animals.
Taking this decision regarding a pet can be a real test for the owner. The vet can give proper advice about the clinical and technical aspects of it. However, it is the owner who has to decide about what is best for the pet. The dog which cannot live a healthy life and has to suffer from pains caused by some medical problems can be euthanized. One thing that should be kept in mind by owners is that this procedure should not be carried out by anyone other than a vet under any circumstances.
The cost can vary from place to place. However, it shouldn't go beyond the range of $50-$200, which is reasonable. There is no standard fee. The variation in price also depends upon whether the veterinarian pays a home visit or one takes the dog to a clinic. The cost of individual cremation is greater than that handled by the vet.
Doing It At Home
Carrying out euthanasia in the comfort of the home can bring a peaceful end to the dog's life. The house where the pet has spent most part of its life can be a suitable setting. The vet's lab provides all the necessary equipment and expertise to perform the procedure in a 'clinical' manner. However, the decision and actual procedure is more of an emotional thing. The problems, or rather the extra arrangements that one has to take care of includes cleaning-up the soiled surface once the bowel and bladder control is lost, etc.
Dealing With It
Parting with a dog who has been a significant part of the owner's life can be painful. The owner should first assess the reasons for carrying out the procedure. One should try to detach and think about what is best for the dog, although it is easier said than done. Being objective and dealing with reality should be the right approach.
To put a dog to sleep can be a saddening experience for the owner. However, one should see the positive side of it and know that the pet will finally be free from its suffering.